Investigation of Floral Dye Extracts as Dyeing Material for Textile Fabrics with Bio Mordant for Sri Lankan Textile Industry [Investigación de extractos de tintes florales como material de teñido para telas textiles con biomordiente para la industria text
Keywords:Flower, Floral dye,waste materials, Environmental pollution
In Sri Lanka a huge amount of flowers are cultivated. These flowers are used as decoration purposes or for offering to Buddha and God. A survey report reveals that 40% of the total productions of flowers are unsold and wasted everyday which are thrown in water or dumped which also creates water pollution as well as environmental pollution. These wasted flowers can be used in various ways & we can get wealth from waste materials. These wasted flowers are used in extraction of colourful dyes from these flowers and use it in textile industry for dyeing purposes and the residual water portion can be used as bio-fertilizers. Colourful dye can be extracted from flowers for dyeing textile fibre. These floral dyes are eco-friendly & it has no allergic action on skin like synthetic dye. Moreover the procedure is very cost-effective and depending on it small scale Industry as well as Large scale Industry can be set up. Keeping in view the importance of eco textiles and their demand in the national and international market and to overcome the problem of environmental pollution, allergic reactions to man- kind, and the present investigation was carried out to introduce to use floral dyes for dyeing of bleached cotton fabric and tested its colour fastness properties.
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