Concentration of Nitrogen Dioxide and its relationship in acute respiratory infections in children under 5 years old in Lima

Authors

  • Jairo Mendoza Castillo Universidad César Vallejo.
  • Jhonny Valverde Flores Institute of Environment, Centro de Investigación y Capacitación para el Desarrollo Regional

Keywords:

Air Pollution, Nitrogen dioxide, acute respiratory infections

Abstract

Air pollution is an increasingly common environmental problem, affecting the health of people in the world's major cities, with the most vulnerable being pregnant women, the elderly and children in economically deprived and excluded sectors. The city of Lima, Peru shows an accelerated increase of industrialization, commercialization, a great flow and vehicular congestion, generating high levels of nitrogen dioxide concentration. In order to obtain the concentrations, the passive method was used during a weekly exposure time. The registered cases of acute respiratory infections were obtained from the Centro Materno Infantil "Los Sureños". Of the results obtained normal, for nitrogen dioxide gave a value of 0.293 and a value of 0.514 for acute respiratory infections. The Pearson correlation value is 0.862 for the concentration of nitrogen dioxide and cases of acute respiratory infections in children under 5 years of age. In conclusion, it was possible to determine whether there is a strong correlation between nitrogen dioxide concentration and acute respiratory infections.

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References

Gutierrez, Alejandra et al., 2017, Environmental exposure to nitrogen dioxide and respiratory health at the age of 2 in the INMA Cohort - Valencia. Spanish article on nursing [online]. February - May 2017, n.°6. ISSN: 02139111

MINSA. 2016. Boletín epidemiológico 2016. [online] Lima: Health Ministry.

Available in: http://www.dge.gob.pe/portal/docs/vigilancia/boletines/2016/06.pdf

OMS. 2004, Guías para la Calidad del Aire [online]. World Health Organization. Bonn, Germany. Available in: http://www.bvsde.ops-oms.org/bvsci/fulltext/guiasaire.pdf

Paredes, Dany. 2016. Relationship of particulate matter less than 10 microns (PM10) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) with acute upper respiratory tract infections in children under 5 years of age in the Trujillo air basin, 2005. Thesis (Magister in Sciences with mention in Environmental Management): Universidad Nacional de Trujillo, Perú. Available in:

http://dspace.unitru.edu.pe/bitstream/handle/UNITRU/2282/TESIS%20MAESTRIA%20DANY%20PAREDES%20CASTILLO.pdf?sequence=1

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Published

14-09-2018

How to Cite

Mendoza Castillo, J. ., & Valverde Flores, J. (2018). Concentration of Nitrogen Dioxide and its relationship in acute respiratory infections in children under 5 years old in Lima. Journal of Energy &Amp; Environmental Sciences, 2(1), 1–5. Retrieved from https://www.journals.cincader.org/index.php/eesj/article/view/34

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