Concentration of Nitrogen Dioxide and its relationship in acute respiratory infections in children under 5 years old in Lima
Keywords:Air Pollution, Nitrogen dioxide, acute respiratory infections
Air pollution is an increasingly common environmental problem, affecting the health of people in the world's major cities, with the most vulnerable being pregnant women, the elderly and children in economically deprived and excluded sectors. The city of Lima, Peru shows an accelerated increase of industrialization, commercialization, a great flow and vehicular congestion, generating high levels of nitrogen dioxide concentration. In order to obtain the concentrations, the passive method was used during a weekly exposure time. The registered cases of acute respiratory infections were obtained from the Centro Materno Infantil "Los Sureños". Of the results obtained normal, for nitrogen dioxide gave a value of 0.293 and a value of 0.514 for acute respiratory infections. The Pearson correlation value is 0.862 for the concentration of nitrogen dioxide and cases of acute respiratory infections in children under 5 years of age. In conclusion, it was possible to determine whether there is a strong correlation between nitrogen dioxide concentration and acute respiratory infections.
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